Turkish Gambling Laws
By Reno Rollins
Turkey is the rare Muslim nation which allows legalized gambling. This is probably because the Turks were a European power for centuries, and therefore share more in common with Europe and the West than most other countries with an Islamic majority.
Casino gambling was legalized in Turkey in 1983, although Turkish citizens were initially barred from the live gaming areas of the casinos. By 1995, citizens of Turkey were allowed at the gaming tables, but by 1996, public opinion had turned against casinos due to concerns over organized crime, corrupt politicians and widespread problem gambling.
The Islamic Welfare Party gained control of the country at this time, having run on an anti-gambling platform. Once in power, they passed a law closing down all Turkish casinos. By autumn of 1997, all 78 casinos in Turkey were out of business.
Measures have also been taken to keep online gambling out of Turkey. Laws have been passed to prevent the transfer of funds to online casinos, as well as preventing Turkish citizens from accessing online gambling sites in the first place. These efforts have been somewhat successful, as companies like Neteller have ceased to conduct business there.
Despite these bans on gambling, Turkey does have a national lottery.
Lottery in Turkey
The lottery in Turkey is administered by the Turkish National Lottery Administration, also known as Milli Piyango. Their website can be found at www.millipiyango.gov.tr.
The Turkish lottery was founded on July 5th, 1939. It has continued to rapidly grow in popularity, as it brought in over 700 million Euros in 2006, as compared to just under 400 million Euros in 2002.
A number of different lottery options are offered, including classical lottery, digital lottery and instant tickets.
Officially known as the Republic of Turkey, this Eurasian country is bordered by Bulgaria, Greece, Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Iran, Iraq, Syria. As of 2007, the population of Turkey was estimated to be 70.5 million.
Long involved in world affairs, Turkey is a member of the United Nation, OECD, OSCE and one of the G20 industrial nations.
Turkey is divided into 81 provinces, with Ankara acting as the nationís capital. The economic heart of Turkey is the city of Istanbul, which is also the largest city. Other major cities include Adana, Trabzon, Kayseri, Konya, Mersin, Antalya and Samsun.
One of the fastest growing economies in the world, Turkish tourism has flourished in the last two decades. In 2005, it is estimated that the country received over 24 million visitors. Textiles, electronics, construction and the automotive industry are also important parts of the national economy.
The official language of the nation is Turkish, and 99.8% of the population is Muslim. Most Muslims adhere to the Sunni branch. Christian denominations, Judaism and Yezidism can also be found.
Since 1933, every citizen 18 years of age or older has had the right to vote. As of 2004, there were 50 registered political parties.
Turkey has the second largest standing army in NATO behind the United States, and every male citizen is required to serve for terms ranging from three weeks to fifteen months. Homosexuals, if they request it, can be exempt from such service.
The most popular sport in Turkey is football (soccer), while Yagh gures (Oiled Wrestling) has remained the national sport since the days of the Ottoman Empire. Basketball, volleyball, motorsports, Greco-Roman wrestling, Freestyle wrestling and weightlifting are also popular.
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