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Saint Pierre and Miquelon Gambling

St. Pierre and Miquelon Gambling Laws

By Reno Rollins

There are no known gambling interests in Saint Pierre and Miquelon, making it likely that gaming is illegal in St. Pierre. However, the island’s lack of paved roads and isolated location make the presence of the gambling industry impractical. There is no organized gambling in Saint Pierre and Miquelon.

Saint Pierre and Miquelon Information

Saint Pierre and Miquelon are located off the coast of Newfoundland, Canada. Considered part of France and the European Union, they are also surrounded by smaller dependencies, including Petit Colombier, Ile aux Marins and Grand Colombier. The total area of the islands measures 93.4 square miles, with 75 miles of coastline.

St. Pierre and Miquelon are divided by a strait. This strait is known by fisherman as “The Mouth of Hell,” due to its fierce currents. In all, there have been over 600 documented shipwrecks in the waters surrounding the islands.

As of 2006, the population of Saint Pierre and Miquelon was estimated to be 6,125. The majority of residents live on Saint Pierre, while less than 1,000 make their home on Miquelon.

The nearby island of Langlade also serves as a summer retreat for locals. During this period, its population can rise to as many as 1,000. It is uninhabited the rest of the year.

The official language is French, and the accepted currency is the Euro. Before the conversion to the Euro, the French franc (in its various forms) was the official currency of the isle.

Saint Pierre and Miquelon, A Short History

Settlements on the island date back to the 16th century. Records show that the French had permanently settled the island by the 17th century. Around the beginning of the 18th century, the British began attacking the island, eventually leading to their occupation from 1713 until 1763. The French regained control in 1763 under the Treaty of Paris. Until 1815, France and Britain would both struggle for control of the island. After Napoleon’s second abdication in 1815, the French would finally retake the islands.

During Prohibition in the early 20th century, Saint Pierre and Miquelon became a base for alcohol smuggling. The created a 13-year economic boost, but that ended with the repeal of Prohibition in 1933.

In 1941, the Free French under Charles De Gaulle liberated the islands from the Vichy French, and they became one of the first French territories to join Free France. Since this had been done without the prior knowledge of the United States or Canada, lingering distrust between Charles De Gaulle and Franklin Roosevelt. This was at a time when the Western Allies were hoping to negotiate with the Vichy government for assistance in the coming 1942 invasion of French North Africa, and De Gaulle's invasion made this unlikely prospect even more difficult.

The islands relied on cod fishing for over four centuries, but this industry has suffered in recent times. Local residents are now turning to tourism, crab fishing and agriculture as a way to make ends meet.

Since 1885, the islands have also issued their own stamps. These stamps are highly sought after by collectors and creates another source of revenue for the islands.

Hockey is the most popular sport in Saint Pierre and Miquelon. Residents of the island have even played on French teams and in the Olympics.

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