Papua New Guinea Gambling
Papua New Guinean Gambling Laws
Gambling is legal in Papua New Guinea. This includes casinos, Internet gaming, lotteries and certain types of gaming machines.
Asian horse-racing-themed gambling machines are illegal, however. This stems from the 2001 discovery that these machines were linked to Asian organized crime. Investigations also proved that several senior policemen were working with the Asian businessmen who operated the machines.
In 2004, operators of illegal gaming machine facilities were given a 36-hour deadline by which to close down their businesses. The notice was advertised throughout the nation, and those who failed to comply were arrested and had their machines confiscated.
Casinos have only recently been legalized, but numerous illegal facilities were operating prior to the new law. In 2005, for example, an illegal casino was raided in Port Moresby, and over 500 items associated with gambling were seized.
In April of 2007, parliament passed the Gaming Control Bill of 2007 by a 61-0 vote. This bill legalized both land-based and Internet casinos, as well as overseas-based lotteries. The bill also provided for the creation of a National Gaming Control Board to regulate the industry and monitor gambling addiction and possible criminal involvement.
Under the 2007 law, each of Papua New Guinea’s 20 provinces will be allowed to hold a casino license for 10 years. A twenty-percent gross revenue tax will be enacted, and an additional five-percent tax will be returned to the communities most affected.
According to the law, casinos in Papua New Guinea will also be required to charge high entry fees to discourage problem gamblers from entering. This fee will be refunded when the customer leaves the casino. Online casinos must not allow residents of Papua New Guinea to use their services.
The Gaming Control Bill of 2007 was passed after the government had already granted permission to a South Korean group to construct a five-star casino and resort. This led to numerous accusations of corruption within the government.
While churches and social groups were opposed to the new law, not much effective resistance was mounted. Then, in 2008, the country’s Governor-General came forward and urged the government to repeal the Casino Act of 2007, claiming that gambling in Papua New Guinea had driven many local families below the poverty line.
As of this writing, the issue is still ongoing. However, no legal casinos are currently present on the island nation.
Lottery in Papua New Guinea
The lottery in Papua New Guinea is managed by Lotto Ptv. Ltd. They are affiliated with International Lottery and Totalizator Systems Inc., a company which provides lottery services to numerous countries around the globe.
Papua New Guinea Information
Papua New Guinea is located in Oceania and occupies the eastern half of the island of New Guinea. A number of offshore islands also belong to Papua New Guinea. The island can be found in the southwestern Pacific Ocean. The capital is Port Moresby, and the total population is estimated to be in the range of 6 million. Only 18 percent of the population dwells in urban areas.
Papua New Guinea is the 54th largest country in the world. Slightly larger than the state of California, it is comparable in size to Sweden.
The land is mostly mountainous and covered by tropical rainforest. The island is surrounded by coral reefs, and Papua New Guinea is one of the few places near the equator where snowfall occurs.
Around 70,000 tourists visit Papua New Guinea each year. Many enjoy the diving, surfing, hiking and fishing, as well as the unique plants and animals which can be found on the island. Much of the interior of the island is unexplored, and it is believed that undiscovered species of flora and fauna are located there.
Papua New Guinea belongs to the Commonwealth of Nations, making Queen Elizabeth II the head of state. The Queen is represented on the island by the Governor-General.
There are 20 province-level divisions on the island. Besides the National Capital District and the autonomous province of the North Solomons, there are:
Papua New Guinean History
While traders from Asia had been visiting New Guinea as far back as 5,000 years ago, it was not known to the West until the 19th century. In 1884, the northern half of the country came under German control and was named German New Guinea. During World War I, it was occupied by Australia.
After the war, Australia was given a mandate to govern the island, even though it was now technically a British possession. Papua and New Guinea had different legal status by that point, even though they were administered by the same country.
Following World War II, Papua and New Guinea were combined into the Territory of Papua and New Guinea. Later, it was simply referred to as Papua New Guinea. The island nation gained its independence from Australia in 1975.
A revolt broke out on the island of Bougainville in 1975, but ended when the pre-independence districts of Papua New Guinea were given status as provinces. In 1988, the revolt resumed and lasted until 1997. 20,000 people died during that period.
Eighty-five percent of residents make their living through agriculture. Major exports include oil, copper and gold.
Hundreds of ethnic groups can be found on the island, with the largest being the Papuans. The second-largest group is the Austronesians. Europeans, Chinese, Australians and Filipinos can also be found.
With over 820 indigenous languages, Papua New Guinea has more languages than any other country in the world. The island’s three official languages are English, Tok Pisin and Hiri Motu.
Ninety-six percent of the country follows a Christian denomination, with the Roman Catholic Church having the most supporters. Many residents combine their Christian faith with traditional indigenous practices.
Papua New Guinea Sports
Rugby League is the most popular sport on the island, and the yearly match against Australia is a major island event. The second most popular sport is Australian Rules Football, while cricket, soccer and rugby union are also popular.
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