Dutch Gambling Information
Gambling is legal in the Netherlands. This gambling is regulated by a state monopoly named Holland Casino. Holland Casino oversees all legalized betting which takes place in the Netherlands. This monopolistic structure has been criticized by the European Union, which hopes to break down barriers to free trade within the EU member states.
Holland or the Netherlands Facts
To most foreigners, Holland is synonymous with the Netherlands. Actually, Holland comprises only two of the twelve provinces of the Netherlands. Because North Holland and South Holland make up over 2/3rds of the territory and population of the Netherlands, the two are conflated in the minds of most foreigners. This article will sometimes refer to the Netherlands as Holland. People in the Netherlands are usually referred to as Dutch.
Casinos in Holland
Fair Play Center - Almere Haven
Note that most of the casinos in Hollard are called "fair play center". If you are looking for casino gambling in the Netherlands and you see "fair play center", it's a pretty good bet you've found a casino. The "fair play" label is an offshoot of the Dutch government's policy of maintaining a state monopoly over casinos, and their justification of the monopoly because it promotes positive gambling and fair play for the gamblers involved.
Online Gambling Ban
With the expansion of online gambling in the early 21st century, the Netherlands took the lead in fighting the spread of online gambling into their country. The Dutch government warned foreign online gambling companies not to take Dutch customers in the years prior to 2005. In 2005, the Dutch Supreme Court ruled that foreign online bookmaking companies like Ladbrokes would need to stop taking online betting from citizens of the Netherlands. The Dutch court ruled that the local laws were in compliance with traditional European and EU standards.
Holland Casino is the state-run gambling monopoly in the Netherlands. The Dutch claim that Holland Casino prevents social ills like gambling addiction and illegal activity like casino money laundering. European Union officials contend that the Dutch state monopoly is against the free traffice of services, and therefore the gambling monopoly has been criticized by non-Dutch officials. Only Holland Casino can operate casinos in the Netherlands.
As to this date, the Holland Casino's monopoly has not been successfully challenged. For instance, the French casino outfit, Compagnie Financiere Regionale, attemtped to place a casino in Holland in 2007. Dutch courts upheld their government's right to keep the French gambling interests out of their country. Though the Dutch judges admitted that government policies was restrictive in regards to the regulations of the EU free market, the judge also argued that these restrictions were justified in the "general interest". Key members of the European Union strongly disagree with the Dutch stance, which is somewhat similar to the online gambling stance of the Bush Administration in the United States.
Sports Gambling in The Netherlands
The Dutch have used their online gambling laws to put restrictions on the sports gambling industry, too. Ironically, these Dutch laws are similar to a large number of other countries in Europe, including Germany, France, Greece, Italy, Sweden, Denmark, Hungary, Finland and Austria. The European Union has censured the French, the Greeks and the Swedish for their laws on sports gambling, while the European Commission is building cases against all of the other countries on the list, including the Netherlands.
Dutch Horse Racing
A subsidiary of Scientific Games runs horse race betting in the Netherlands. Scientific Games also handles online pari-mutuel betting in Holland.
Lottery in the Netherlands
The Novamedia group runs a handful of major lotteries in the Netherlands. Because Holland Casino runs a state monopoly, it is assumed that companies like Novamedia would not have a place in the Netherlands. Actually, Holland Casino uses the services of companies like Novamedia and Scientific Games to help them organize their betting.
Lotteries at work in the Netherlands include The Dutch State Lottery, known as Nederlandse Staatsloterij in the native language. The Novamedia lotteries include the BankGiro Lottery, the Sponsor Bingo Lottery and the Dutch Postcode Lottery. De Lotto is another major Dutch lottery.
The History of the Netherlands
The Low Countries were a mixture of smaller lordships and diocese throughout the Middle Ages. By the time of the Renaissance, the Low Countries (Belgium, the Netherlands and Luxumbourg) were under the control of either the Duke of Burgundy or the Holy Roman (German) Emperorer. Charles V, future Habsburg ruler of the Holy Roman Empire, inherited the Duchy of Burgundy through his father in 1506 (at the age of six), bringing all of the Low Countries under Habsburg rule.
The French insisted that Charles V pay homage to the king of France for Burgundy, but eventually relinquished this claim. Charles inherited Spain from his grandfather in 1516, bring a huge area of Europe under one ruler. This posed a mortal danger to the French crown, which became the chief enemy of the Habsburgs for the next 150 years.
The Netherlands was a large part of the struggle between the French and the Habsburgs.
Charles V gave local autonomy to the Low Countries in 1548, but his successor, Philip II of Spain, a devoted Catholic, was concerned by the growing Protestantism in the Low Countries. His attempts to reassert control of the Netherlands and Belgium led to the Eighty Years War, which only ended with the end of the much larger Thirty Years War, which finally spelled an end to the supposed Habsburg attempts to dominate Europe. The Netherlands were left free of German control, though Belgium fell increasingly under French influence.
Holland experienced a brief Golden Age in the generation after 1648, when its ships traded around the globe and the Netherlands were considered a major mercantile power. Dutch artists like Rembrandt and Jan Vermeer were active in this time.
This Golden Age came to an end in 1672, when the English and French kingdoms led a coalition of states which declared war on Holland. This had followed years of conflict with the English, and the conflict was a falling out of the many former enemies of the Habsburgs. The English defeated the Netherlands in this war, taking most of their overseas colonies, including the New Amsterdam colony that became New York City.
For the past few centuries, Holland has existed as an independent nation, often balancing its policies between its three large neighbors: France, England and later a unified Germany. The Netherlands remained neutral in World War I, mainly because the Germans thought a neutral Holland would allow them to evade the British blockade and trade with the outside world.
The Dutch were not so lucky in World War II, as their nation was overrun by the Nazi war machine in 1940. After the war, the Dutch became a major part of the Western European and international community. The world court is located in the Hague. The Netherlands has joined with Belgium and Luxembourg in a joint economic venture, and they are collectively sometimes referred to as Benelux.
United Kingdom Gambling
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