Mongolian Gambling Laws
By Reno Rollins
Mongolia has few laws concerning gambling. This has led to a rather confusing stance on the issue, with gambling coming and going in the country. As of this writing, there does not appear to be any organized gambling in the country, although horse racing does take place during the country’s Independence Day.
In 1999, a law was repealed which would allow casino gambling in the country. During this same time, two members of parliament were arrested on charges of corruption stemming from the proposed casino deal.
A later law was passed which allowed only gambling machines in the country. This resulted in a massive influx of slot machines into the country. Many families lost everything due to gambling addiction, and all the gaming centers were eventually shut down overnight.
Supporters of horse racing have also tried to get a professional race course brought to Mongolia. While this looked like a reality at one point, opposition ultimately killed the movement.
Facts About Mongolia
Mongolia is a landlocked country in Asia. It is bordered by Russia and China. The capital of Mongolia is Ulan Bator, which is also the largest city (around 38% of the population lives there). The population is estimated to be around 2.9 million, with thirty-percent of the country being nomadic or semi-nomadic.
Mongolians have had a larger impact on history than one would imagine. The Huns, which played such a pivotal role in the late Roman Empire period, are thought to have originated in the Mongolia region. Over 800 years later, Mongolia saw the Mongols burst forth on the scene. Mongolia became the center of the Mongol Empire, which was the largest land empire in history.
After the fall of the Mongol Empire, Mongolia fell under the rule of the Chinese emperors, where it remained until 1911. Due to rival Russian and Japanese ambitions in nearby Manchuria, the Russians succeeded in gaining influence in Mongolia. The Communist Revolution in Russia proved a major influence on Mongolian history, as the Mongolians set up their own Russian-inspired Communist state in 1924.
After the Soviet Union began to collapse, a peaceful democratic revolution took place in Mongolia in 1990. It ratified a new constitution in 1992 and became a multi-party capitalist democracy. Currently, Mongolia has positive relations with countries such as Russia, North and South Korea, Japan, China and The United States. In 2005, George W. Bush became the first sitting U.S. President to visit Mongolia.
Agriculture and mining are the driving forces of the economy. Mineral resources such as tin, gold, tungsten, coal and copper also play an important part. Mongolia has over 30,000 independent businesses, most centered in Ulan Bator.
Most Mongolian citizens are of Mongol descent. Throughout the country, groups of ethnic Tuvan, Kazakh and Tungus can also be found.
The official language of Mongolia is Khalkha Mongolian. It is spoken by ninety-percent of the population. Other languages include Russian and English, as well as Kazakh and Tuvan dialects.
Tibetan Buddhism is the largest religion in the country. Christians, Muslims and Shamanists are also present in Mongolia.
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